India’s agricultural extension services have evolved with changes in the agriculture sector. From an earlier focus on increasing yields via technology transfers and adoption, systems have embraced a more decentralised, participatory and demand-driven approach. However, the effectiveness of investments, technology and access to markets in delivering value to small and marginal Indian farmers is impaired by several constraints and challenges. This study will undertake a qualitative and quantitative analysis of India’s agricultural extension systems, particularly in the six identified states of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Odisha. The focus will be on identifying efficient, effective and sustainable agricultural extension systems for emulation in states to foster higher agricultural growth. The project will identify implementable policy-level interventions based on robust analysis.