Strategies for Protection of Geographic Names including Geographical Indications in the Domain Names System

Introduction and Scope
“Any implementation undertaken now should be based on an assumption of a much larger Internet.”2 Since the inception of the global Internet, it has transgressed legal borders. The Domain Name System (DNS) is central to the operation and accessibility of this global network.3 DNS administration and policy authority is further managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Since its inception in 1998, ICANN has been charged with promoting competition in the registration of domain names while ensuring the security and stability of the DNS. In 2000 and 2003, ICANN conducted a limited expansion of gTLDs.