Barriers to movement of natural persons: A study of Federal, State and Sector-specific restrictions to mode 4 in the United States of America

The role of movement of skilled professionals (mode 4 in GATS parlance) for circulating knowledge and promoting technological development is widely recognized today. Such movement enables countries to sustain fast growth without being limited by shortages of key workers, particularly in skill- intensive sectors. While on the one hand, temporary migration enables developed countries to have access to working age and skilled immigrants who have a positive impact on host country economies, such movement also benefits developing countries like India by enhancing foreign exchange earnings as well as bringing in knowledge of new technologies and global practices.