This paper is a part of the “Jobs for Development” research project undertaken at ICRIER and supported by the World Bank. We gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the World Bank. The authors would like to thank Prof. K.R. Shyam Sundar, XLRI, Jamshedpur and Mrs. Sudha Pillai, IAS (Retd.), Former Secretary, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India, for their invaluable comments and suggestions. We are also thankful to the participants of the “Round Table Discussion on Job Creation through Labour Reforms in Indian Manufacturing: A Stakeholders’ Perspective” held at ICRIER on December 9, 2016, for their useful inputs and comments.