Market Access Negotiations on Non-Agricultural Products: India and the choice of Modalities

Non-Agricultural Market Access is one of the important items on the agenda of the ongoing Doha Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations in the WTO. In the past rounds the contracting parties of the erstwhile GATT 1947 employed different techniques in tariff negotiations such as request-offer or product-by product procedures, linear or harmonization formula approach, or sectorial harmonization or elimination. These techniques are known as modalities of negotiations. As in the past, Members would need to decide on the modalities before they can proceed with the negotiations in the current round.