Organic Farming in India: Status, Issues and Way Forward

Globally, there is growing awareness of the adverse impact of chemical inputs on the soil, environment and human health. This has prompted both developed and developing countries to shift towards organic farming and organic food products. In India, traditional methods of farming were by default ‘organic’, with hardly any use of chemical inputs. However, concerns about ensuring food security for a large population led to the Green Revolution in the 1960s, which resulted in an increase in the use of chemical inputs to improve crop yields, leading to the same deleterious effects on soil and consumer health that developed countries had already experienced. Consequently, there has been a spurt in demand for organic food products both in developed countries as well as within India, resulting in a premium on the prices for these products. This has impelled organic food exports from India.