Economic Implications of Cross-Border Data Flows

In addition to the case studies, using a diversified sample that covers both online and traditional businesses, integral to India’s economy, also forms a part of our impact analysis. The survey sample includes traditional firms in the manufacturing and services sector, in addition to typical examples from the digital economy. The survey reinforces our conclusion on the impact of data localisation on businesses across sectors. The impacts vary by the size of the company, the sector of operation, the choice of markets, business models, etc. Impacts also vary by the nature and location of the firm. The commonly held perception that domestic companies stand to benefit from data localisation policies is simply not correct.